Pigmentation or hyperpigmentation is a term that we use to describe dark spots or patches or even general darkening of the skin. In the upper layers of the skin, we have certain cells which are pigment cells and are called melanocytes and these produce a certain pigment called melanin. this is evenly distributed in the skin and gives all of us the color that we normally possess.
We can get darkening of the skin due to many factors both external and internal at any time in our lives. The most common external cause of pigmentation is ultraviolet radiation or sunlight. One of the common internal causes is hormones, especially in women. Any of these factors can increase the pigment cells in the skin or actually activate the cells to produce more melanin. Some common type of pigmentation you can get are Freckles, Solar lentigines, Melasma, Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, Post-Acne Pigmentation, Computer Radiation Spots etc.
Below you will find some effective solution to eradicate pigmentation. So let’s drink it in.
# Take suggestions from doctors
If you suffer from pigmentation then you should be looking for a comprehensive and holistic solution to this problem. There are many different kinds of products topically prescribed medications and chemical peels which when combined together can help us get rid of your superficial pigmentation. Ideally, they should be customized for you by your dermatologist. After a detailed evaluation of your specific skin concern and then deciding the best possible way to address it. You can also take natural treatment for pigmentation. Because we all know natural or herbal treatment has no side effects and it’s very safe.
# Take laser treatments
If you need something deeper then there’s a specific laser called the q-switch and AG laser which is very safe and effective. This specifically targets the melanin in the skin without affecting other parts of the skin and leaves your skin clear and flawless.
# Regularly use Sunscreen
The best way to protect your skin from pigmentation is using a sunscreen. You can use a sunscreen of SPF 15 to 30 could be even higher. However what is more important is how you apply it. A sunscreen needs to be applied in a thin film across the face and the exposed areas of the body and then left on for 15 to 20 minutes so that it can settle in. If you tend to sweat a lot you may need to re-apply this every 2 to 4 hours. And of course, you should also apply sunscreen even if you’re indoors. Because the ultraviolet radiation or even the visible light which is indoors can also affect your skin and cause pigmentation.
# Use effective cleanser
A good cleansing regime is very important to keep your skin clean. Choose a cleanser which is formulated for your skin type. You can try oily or normal sunscreen. You can use this twice or thrice daily. If your skin is oily you can add a toner for deeper cleansing. After cleansing your skin you need to hydrate your skin. This can be done using a moisturizer. In the daytime, your sunscreen itself can be that moisturizer.
# Try to use night cream
At night you can use a night cream containing vitamin C and this will also help to keep yourself away from pigmentation.
# Maintain a healthy lifestyle
A healthy diet, sound sleep, and proper exercise are very important in keeping your skin healthy. Incorporate foods into your diet which are rich in vitamin C and Sun protecting agents like beta-carotene and antioxidant.
For example red and orange fruits and foods like carrots tomatoes peppers and other vegetables such as cauliflower broccoli spinach greens etc.Omega-rich foods, fish and shellfish and a bowel also can be helpful.